Metrics Glossary

Software Metrics Glossary - K


KER Known Error Record (Reference ITIL® Sept 2002)
Kernel Entity This classification is used for a meta-entity whose instances are meaningful without the occurrences of other meta-entities. For example, an instance of the meta-entity called Attribute, having a name, full description and brief description, is significant without the knowledge of the DataObject it describes. ( Reference : ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7; CDIF:15474-1)
key design issues A set of issues that, once decided, determine the technical direction of major portions of the system design. [Minnich - Hughes] ( Reference : SEI:SE-CMM)
key factors of Functional User Requirements critical, mandatory criteria expressed by the Functional User Requirements which have significant or dominant influence on the software for example, continuous operation is a key factor of avionics software ( Reference : ISO/IEC JTC1/SC7:14143-5)
key practices The infrastructures and activities that contribute most to the effective implementation and institutionalization of a key process area. [CMM for Software] ( Reference : SEI:SE-CMM)
key process area A cluster of related activities in an area of software acquisition that, when performed collectively, achieve a set of goals considered important for establishing process capability in that area. The key process areas have been defined to reside at a single maturity level. These are the principal building blocks to help determine the software acquisition process capability of an organization and understand the improvements needed to advance to higher maturity levels. ( Reference : SEI:SA-CMM)
Known error An Incident or Problem for which the root cause is known and for which a temporary Work-around or a permanent alternative has been identified. If a business case exists, an RFC will be raised, but, in any event, it remains a known error unless it is permanently fixed by a Change. ITIL Sept 2002
KPI Key Performance Indicator (Reference ITIL® Sept 2002)
KSF Key Success Factors (Reference ITIL® Sept 2002)